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山东春季高考物理学习要调整好学习心态
发布人:网站管理员发布时间:2017-07-05浏览次数:174
在学习物理的第一节课时,老师都会讲物理难学,在未学习物理之前就从高年级同学那里听说物理教难学。因此大部分同学在学习物理时都带有一些不正常的学习心态,主要表现有以下几个方面:
In the first lesson of physics, the teacher will speak physics difficult to learn, before learning physics, from the higher grade students there, I heard that physics teaching is difficult. Therefore, most of the students in learning physics are accompanied by some abnormal learning mentality, mainly in the following aspects:
(1)紧张、畏惧心理。物理难学在他们的心灵里留下了深深的烙印,他们害怕上物理课,害怕做物理作业,害怕老师课堂提问,害怕老师的个别谈话,怕做实验、怕动手,千方百计地回避学习,胆怯的心弦一天到晚紧绷着,不能理论联系实际,不能在实践中运用学过的知识,久而久之,越怕越难学,越难越怕学。
(1) nervous and scared. Physics is difficult to learn left a deep imprint in their hearts, they are afraid of physics course, afraid to do physical work, afraid of the teacher classroom questioning, afraid of the teacher's individual talk, afraid of doing experiments, afraid to begin, avoidance learning, timid heart always tight, not the theory with practice, learned the knowledge in the course of time, can not be used in practice, the more afraid of the more difficult, the more difficult the more afraid to learn.
(2)“一口吃个胖子”的心理。想把成绩搞上去,但经过一段时间的努力,成绩仍没有什么大的起色,随即产生“反正学不好了” 和“我不是学习的料”的错误心理。(3)消极心理。学习松松垮垮、马马虎虎,懒惰思想较重,学习缺乏主动性,
(2) the psychology of "one fat fat man". I want to get my grades up, but after a period of hard work, I still haven't made a big improvement in my performance. Then I have the wrong mentality of "I'm not good at learning anyway" and "I'm not learning material.". (3) negative psychology. Learning Matsumatsu, careless, lazy, heavy thinking, lack of initiative in learning,
处于被动应付状态,上课时经常“开小差”,盼望着“快下课”,老师提问大都说“不会。”
In a state of passive coping, the class often "deserted", looking forward to "soon class", the teacher asked mostly say "no"."
诚然,物理是难学,但绝非学不好,只要按物理学科的特点去学习,按照前面谈到的去做,理解注重思考物理过程,不死记硬背,常动手,常开动脑筋思考,不要一碰到问题就问同学或老师。在学习中要找出适合自己的学习方法,从学习中去寻找乐趣,就能培养自己学习物理的兴趣。比如一个学生在学习力的图示时就编了这样的顺口溜:“四定即定作用点、定方向、定标度、定长度,两标即标箭头、标数值和单位。”
Of course, physics is difficult to learn, but it is not bad to learn, as long as according to the physical characteristics of the subjects, in accordance with the mentioned above to do, pay attention to understand the physical process of rote, often do, often think, do not have a problem, ask the students or teachers. In the study, to find suitable for their own learning methods, from learning to find fun, you can develop their own interest in learning physics. For example, a student in the learning force when he made such a jingle: "four fixed point, direction, scaling degree, length, two standard arrows, standard values and units."
现代社会的发展,物理学起着不可估量的作用,同学们要以振兴中华为已任,以学好物理报效祖国为内部动力,要认识到自己学习的责任感和建设祖国的使命感,从而自发地、积极地、主动地学习,就一定能学好物理知识。
The development of modern society, physics plays an important role, to revitalize the Chinese students to learn physics has been appointed to serve the motherland for internal power, to realize their own learning responsibility and the construction of the motherland's sense of mission, which spontaneously and actively take the initiative to learn, we will be able to learn physics knowledge.
先把书本基础内容搞懂,要理解透彻。公式、定理都要滚瓜烂熟。还要把学过的知识点分类整理,做到心中有数。
The first book to understand thoroughly understand the basic content. Formulas and theorems are can recite fluently from memory. We also have to sort out what we have learned and make sure that we have a good idea.
看到题目时,首先分析考的是什么知识点,具体到什么公式,什么定理。然后根据已知和所求顺推、逆推求解。
When you see a topic, first of all, what is the knowledge of the test, specific to what formula, what theorem. Then, the solution is obtained by the known and the forward and backward solutions.
还有,我的经验,改错本是一个很有用的东西哦!把自己的错题收集起来,改正,写明原因,心得,做了还需要经常看才会有效果。 其实有时候也并不需要照搬照抄把整个题写下来,把知识点记下就行。还有重要的一点是要整理的有条理,避免重复劳动。
Also, in my experience, this error is a very useful things oh! Collect, own error correction, reason, experience, do also need to often see will have effect. In fact, sometimes do not need to copy the entire inscribed down, put the knowledge to write it. There is also an important point is to organize the order, avoid duplication of work.
一、观察的几种方法
First, the observation of several methods
1、顺序观察法:按一定的顺序进行观察。
1, sequential observation method: according to a certain order of observation.
2、特征观察法:根据现象的特征进行观察。
2, characteristic observation: according to the characteristics of the phenomenon to observe.
3、对比观察法:对前后几次实验现象或实验数据的观察进行比较。
3 、 comparative observation: compare the observation of several experimental phenomena or experimental data before and after.
4、全面观察法:对现象进行全面的观察,了解观察对象的全貌。
4, comprehensive observation method: a comprehensive observation of the phenomenon, to understand the overall picture of the object.
二、过程的分析方法
Two, process analysis methods
1、化解过程层次:一般说来,复杂的物理过程都是由若干个简单的“子过程”构成的。因此,分析物理过程的最基本方法,就是把复杂的问题层次化,把它化解为多个相互关联的“子过程”来研究。
1, the process of resolving the hierarchy: in general, complex physical processes are composed of a number of simple "sub process". Therefore, the most basic method of analyzing physical processes is to put complex problems into layers and dissolve them into multiple interrelated sub processes.
2、探明中间状态:有时阶段的划分并非易事,还必需探明决定物理现象从量变到质变的中间状态(或过程)正确分析物理过程的关键环节。
2, to ascertain the intermediate state: sometimes the division of stage is not easy, and it is necessary to ascertain the intermediate state (or process) that determines the physical phenomenon from quantitative change to qualitative change, and to analyze the key link of physical process correctly.
3、理顺制约关系:有些综合题所述物理现象的发生、发展和变化过程,是诸多因素互相依存,互相制约的“综合效应”。要正确分析,就要全方位、多角度的进行观察和分析,从内在联系上把握规律、理顺关系,寻求解决方法。
3, straighten out the restriction relation: the occurrence, development and change process of physical phenomena mentioned in some comprehensive questions are the comprehensive effects of many factors that depend on each other and restrict each other". In order to analyze correctly, we should observe and analyze in a comprehensive and multi angle way, grasp the law from the internal relation, straighten out the relation, and seek the solution.
4、区分变化条件:物理现象都是在一定条件下发生发展的。条件变化了,物理过程也会随之而发生变化。在分析问题时,要特别注意区分由于条件变化而引起的物理过程的变化,避免把形同质异的问题混为一谈。
4, distinguish the changing conditions: the physical phenomena are developed under certain conditions. Conditions change and physical processes change as well. In the analysis of problems, we should pay special attention to distinguish the change of the physical process caused by the change of conditions, and avoid confusing the problems of homogeneity and difference.
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