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高考中话题作为的写法
发布人:网站管理员发布时间:2017-06-20浏览次数:204
首先,要学会描写。
First, learn to write.
①学会观察对象。描写是把事物的状态描绘出来,再现给读者,所以描写之前必须细致观察对象。
Learn to observe objects. Description is the description of the state of things, reproduced to the reader, so the description must be carefully observed before the object.
②学会选择细节。描写再现事物的状态,不是把一切感受到的东西都写出来,而是要有选择地描写,作者要有明确的目的,选择最具表现力的细节,以此再现事物特征。
Learn to choose details. Describe the state of things, not to write out everything that feels, but to describe it selectively. The author must have a clear purpose, select the most expressive detail, and reproduce the features of the thing.
③学会安排结构。写作时要按照一定的步骤,合理地、有序地安排文字,一层层写来,最终形成一个整体形象。④学会修饰语言。讲究修饰的最好手段是多用修辞手法,如比喻、象征、拟人、夸张、对比等。
Learn to arrange the structure. In writing, we should arrange the text in a reasonable and orderly way according to certain steps, and write them at the same level, and finally form a whole image. Learn to modify language. The best means of refinement are rhetorical devices, such as metaphor, symbolism, personification, exaggeration, contrast, etc..
其次,避平铺直叙。
Secondly, to avoid telling a tale.
①在材料组合上:可以用三处地点,或三个时段,或三个镜头,或三张照片,或三件物品,或三段经历……来组织全文,并配上小标题,如“童年”“少年”“青年”、“镜头一”“镜头二”“镜头三”等等,以避免平铺直叙;
On material combinations: you can use three locations, or three periods, or three shots, or three photos, or three objects, or three experiences...... To organize the full text with headings such as "childhood", "Youth" and "Youth", "a" lens "lens" two "shot three" and so on, in order to avoid telling a tale;
②在结构安排上,可用设置悬念或运用倒叙来增加曲折;
In the structure arrangement, available suspense or the use of flashbacks to increase the twists and turns;
③在人称使用上,可以第一人称为主、兼用第二人称;④在表达方式上,可用日记或书信去代替一般化的记叙。
In person use, the first person and the second person can be used; and in the way of expression, a diary or letter can be used instead of a general narrative.
再次,要合理虚构。在记叙经历过程中为了更好地反映生活本质,更好地表现主题,在经得起推敲的前提下,应该进行合理虚构。①移花接木法。在真人真事的基础上改造、拼接、更换,将几个人的特点融于一个人,或将几件事的情节剪辑组合为一件事,或将发生在不同时段性质相同甚至相反的事剪辑到一个相对集中的时间内,使人物与事件更具典型性。
Third, make reasonable fiction. In the narrative process, in order to better reflect the nature of life, and better performance of the theme, under the premise of withstand scrutiny, should be reasonable fiction. The grafting method. Based on the true story of the transformation, stitching, replacement, the characteristics of several people into a person, or a few things plot editing portfolio for one thing, or will occur in different periods of the same nature even the opposite thing clip to a relatively concentrated time, which characters and events are more typical.
②添枝加叶法。真实的事件本身简单、平淡,或
Adding branches and leaves. The actual events themselves are simple, plain, or
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